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Government Protection Law

by Austiee Gosney

The law on government protection is a collection of laws designed to protect citizens’ liberties and rights against the whims and wishes of the state. Examples of this type of law include privacy laws for data and civil rights laws, equal protection laws and labor laws. These rights are enshrined in the Constitution and enforced by courts.

Privacy laws, such as protect personal information that is collected by federal agencies. The Privacy Act establishes four procedural and substantive rights for individuals, which include the right to gain access to their personal records from government agencies; to correct any information that is in error; to restrict how their personal information is shared with others and to file a suit against government agencies if they violate their rights. The Fair Information Practices of the Privacy Act (FIPPs) that are based on the “fair information practices”, are the basis of most privacy laws. This includes the https://mcalisterhallam.com/2023/06/07/government-protection-law/ European Union Regulation 2016/679 as well as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 96 and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act.

The FIPPs are also the basis of civil rights laws that safeguard the rights of citizens to express their opinions and prevents discrimination. To win a civil rights claim, a person must demonstrate that an official was unfairly discriminating against them based on their protected characteristic. The court will use three different methods to review the actions of the government entity based on the nature and severity of the discrimination. These are three types of scrutiny: strict scrutiny; intermediate scrutiny or rational basis.

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